Glossary of LGBT Terms


A person who is sexually and emotionally attracted to men and women.

Coming out

The process through which an LGBT person comes to recognise and acknowledge (both to self and to others) his or her sexual orientation, gender identity or intersex status.


A person whose primary emotional and sexual attraction is toward people of the same sex. The term is most commonly used by men, although some women use this term.

Gender identity

A person’s sense of identity defined in relation to the categories male and female. Some people may identify as both male and female, while others may identify as male in one setting and female in other. Others identify as androgynous or intersex without identifying as female or male.


The fear and hatred of lesbians, gay men, bisexual people and of their sexual desires and practices.


A biological condition where a person is born with reproductive organs and/or sex chromosomes that are not exclusively male or female. An incorrect term for intersex is hermaphrodite.


A woman whose primary emotional and sexual attraction is toward other women.


An umbrella term that includes a range of alternative sexual and gender identities, including gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender.

Sexual orientation

The feelings or self-concept, direction of interest, or emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others.


A person who does not identify with their gender of upbringing. The terms male-to-female and female- to-male are used to refer to individuals who are undergoing or have undergone a process of gender affirmation (see Transsexual).


Fear and hatred of people who are transgender.


A person who is making, intends to make, or has made the transition to the gender with which they identify.